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Lost City of Heracleion update 2022

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While most folks think of archaeology, they picture individuals working in hot weather or below. Scuba gear has replaced sunscreen for archaeologists exploring the ancient Egyptian city of Heracleion.

The ancient city was first found off the shore of Alexandria, Egypt, in 2000, and has become the focus of continuous investigations since then, according to scientific researcher Laura Geggel.

Despite the challenging workplace conditions, the flooded city continues to yield surprises, such as the ruins of a temple, gold earrings, money, and a missing component of a ceremonial vessel.

The Lost City of Heracleion

Goddio with his colleagues meticulously dug and researched the underwater city for 13 years. In Abu Qir Bay, researchers discovered more than 65 ships and 700 anchors. Researchers think Lost City of Heracleion was a required border crossing for trade between both the Nile and the Mediterranean because of the large number of marine artifacts found there. The finding of scales from Athens, that would be used to make critical assessments of commodities, also supports this theory. Never before had similar scales been discovered in Egypt’s ancient finds.

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Thonis-History Heracleion’s

Thonis ruled the Canopic part of the River Nile for more than 400 years, till the establishment of Alexandria in 331 BCE. Around 60 and 30 BCE, the Greek historian Diodorus of Sicily reported on Thonis-Heracleion within his monumental book, Bibliotheca Historica. Herodotus stated somewhere in the 5th century Bce that Heracles, a Greek deity and warrior, first set feet in Egypt at this harbor city. As a result, the Greeks gave Thonis the Lost City of Heracleion or constructed a large shrine for him. According to Herodotus, the harbor city was also frequented by Paris & Helen of Troy.

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Business at the Port

Numerous significant business operations did take place here, in well to functioning as a house of worship. Vessels from all across the ancient world anchored off the coast of Egypt and discharged their cargo before coming back home with a fresh batch of Egyptian goods. Charges were paid, and a large sum of money changed hands. From this vantage point, the Nile was likewise readily defendable.


According to studies, the location was impacted by geologists and catastrophic events. The sluggish motion of soil subsidence impacted this area of the Mediterranean’s south-eastern basins. The sea rise played a key role in the land’s subsidence.

The site’s research also points to unconsolidated sediments. The impact of significant pressure on soil with a high clay and water content could cause these localized phenomena. Large structures’ stress, along with an excess of weight caused by an extremely high flood or tidal wave, could severely squeeze the soil and force the ejection of water trapped inside the clay’s composition. The clay loses simple ways, causing sudden subsidence.

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Such an occurrence could potentially be caused by an earthquake. These events, whether acting in concert or separately, might have resulted in severe damage and explained Thonis-submergence. Heracleion’s

Ritual Places of Worship

The narratives of the ancient historians have certain similarities. The most notable of these is that the city had a massive sanctuary built to commemorate the heroic deity Heracleion, which is why the name. The city served as a thriving trading port as well as a religious center. The discovery of 16 stone carvings and sarcophagi estimated to contain This supports the notion that this celestial city was a significant religious center. In particular, the temple hosted the yearly Mystery of Osiris festival. From side to side, a pharaoh, his queen, and the god Hapy are depicted in the lead to massive sculptures beneath. They were standing at the temple’s entryway.

What is Heracleion’s importance?

The ancient city of Heracleion was first constructed on a cluster of islands in the River Nile that were near to one another. The town was afterward divided by waterways. The city possessed a variety of harbors and anchorages, as well as a sister city, Naucratis, before Alexandria surpassed it.

Was it possible that Thonis and Heracleion are all from the same city?

Thonis-stele, Heracleion’s Thonis-Heracleion, Aboukir Bay, Egypt. Thonis-stele, Heracleion’s Aboukir Bay, Egypt. It demonstrates that Egyptians Thonis & Greek Heracleion were in the same city.

Is there a distinction between Heracleion and Heraklion?

Heraklion, Crete’s largest city and capital, is also spelled Heracleion. Heracleion (Greek: v), also named Thonis () in Egypt and often referred to as Thonis-Heracleion, was an ancient Egyptian city located near the Nile’s Canopic Mouth, some 32 kilometers northeast of Alexandria.

What is the root of the word Heracleion?

So according to Herodotus, Heracles’ first arrival in Egypt was marked by the construction of a large temple. The Greeks named the Lost City of Heracleion after Heracles’ expedition, instead of its Egyptian name Thonis, because of the account of Heracles’ trip.

What was the location of Heracleion’s ancient city?

The ancient city of Heracleion had first been constructed on a cluster of islands in the Nile Delta that were near to one another. Later, the city was crisscrossed by waterways.

Did you notice Egypt’s lost submerged metropolis of Heracleion?

But also sometimes, as in the case of the lost submerged Lost City of Heracleion in Egypt, the investigation of those chronicles or lores leads to a true finding. Heracleion, also called by its Egyptian name Thonis, grew into a notable Egyptian historical metropolis near the Nile’s Canopic outlet, about 32 kilometers northeast of Alexandria at the period.

What does Thonis have a reputation for?

Histories Thonis was initially constructed on a pair of Nile Delta islands. Canals ran through it, with a variety of bays and anchorages. Boats, bridges, or pontoons connected the city’s wharves, monasteries, and high – rise.

What is the Thonis legend?

These fabled origins could be traced back to the 12th century, according to ancient Greek historians. Through the latter days of the ancient Egyptians, it became increasingly important.

What does Thonis Heracleion’s statue seem such as?

Thonis-Heracleion, Aboukir Bay, Egypt, is a bronze sculpture of a pharaoh (SCA 1305). This 20. 5 cm in height highly crafted statue was found in the southwestern section of Thonis-temple Heracleion’s Amun-Gereb. The pharaoh wearing a classic kilt and the.

What was it like in Thonis-harbor? Heracleion’s

All traffic into Egypt was regulated by the harbor of Thonis-Heracleion (the Egyptian and Greek titles for the city). The metropolis was intersected with a system of canals, some kind of ancient Egyptian Venezia, and its islands were host to modest shrines and houses, built around its magnificent temples.

What caused Heracleion’s demise?

A mixture of tremors, tidal waves, and sea-level rise devastated the city over time. The land upon which the center island of Heracleion was constructed fell to unconsolidated sediments at the end of second centuries Bc, most likely as a result of a catastrophic flood.

What kind of artifacts has been discovered in Heracleion?

A sculpture of the Egyptian bull deity Apis, a 5.4-meter-tall sculpture of the god Hapi, a papyrus scroll revealing that Thonis (Egypt) & Heracleion (Greek) were the same city, several gigantic sculptures, and many other items were found from the drowned city of Heracleion by the team of scientists.

We discovered an incredible number of bronze deposits, notably numerous figurines of Osiris [the Egyptian harvest god].

What else about the Lost City of Heracleion?

“There’s something entirely different on that island. Hundreds of pottery layers were discovered. One is on top of the other. These are Ancient scarlet porcelain sculptures imported from China.”

Underneath the scar formation, there discovered large amounts of small ceramics – high-quality Old Greek specimens, notably amphorae – which adds to the intrigue. Chandeliers or figurines were among the bronze items found near the tumulus.

The researchers also discovered a 25-meter-long Ptolemaic ship some 350 meters. Although it is constructed classically, with tenon connections, it also incorporates ancient Egyptian styling cues, such as a simple design.

During their 2021 voyage, Goddio and his team found a Ptolemy ship buried below the seas, which collapsed after already being hit by enormous bricks from the temple.

Whenever the temple was demolished in a “cataclysmic disaster” in the second century BCE, the ship was anchored in the canal that ran down the south face of the sanctuary.


The submerged galley was shielded by fallen temple blocks, that pinned it to the canal’s floor, which was eventually filled with detritus.

Utilizing “a having to cut experimental sub-bottom profiler,” researchers were able to find the galley.

This cutting-edge technology can determine the physical parameters of the seafloor or describe geotechnical parameters just a few meters beneath the surface.

“Fast vessel findings from this era are still quite rare,” Goddio added.

The Carthaginian Marsala Ship is also the only specimen to date (235 BCE). Historians had never heard of Hellenistic vessels of this kind before this find.”

In conclusion

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